Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit

Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, 1972-1989. English translation: Brooklyn, N.Y.: Lithuanian Roman Catholic Priests’ League of America, 1972-1989.

Garbštienė, Onutė. Hell in Ice. Vilnius : Ethnos ’91, 1992. An abridged, translated diary of a woman deported to Siberia in 1941. The full text was published in Lithuanian: Onutė Alksninytė-Garbštienė, Sibire… Tremtinių žeme dienoraštis, 1942-1956. Vilnius: Lietuvos Rašytojų S-Gos L-Kla, 1993.

Jakubčionis, Algirdas. The Unarmed Anti-Soviet Resistance in Lithuania in the 1950s and 1960s. Vilnius : Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania, 2007. A useful, brief introduction.

Kuodytė, Dalia and Rokas Tračevskis The Unknown War: Armed Anti-Soviet Resistance in Lithuania in 1944-1953. Vilnius : Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania, 2004. A brief account with photographs.

Kudirka, Simas & Larry Eichel.. For those still at sea. New York : Dial Press, 1978. The story of a Lithuanian seaman, Simas Kudirka, who unsuccessfully sought asylum at sea on an American boat. Kudirka’s experience was the subject of an American television movie, “The Defection of Simas Kudirka,” starring Alan Arkin.

Misiunas, Romuald and Rein Taagapera. The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990. Expanded and updated edition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. A useful survey of all three Baltic states.

Remeikis, Tomas. Opposition to Soviet Rule in Lithuania: 1940-1980. Chicago: Institute of Lithuanian Studies Press, 1980. A study of the character of the opposition, supplemented by a large collection of documents.

Senn, Alfred Erich. Gorbachev’s Failure in Lithuania. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1995. An account of Lithuania’s emergence from Soviet rule, 1988-1991.

Vardys, Vytautas Stanley. The Catholic Church, dissent, and nationality in Soviet Lithuania Boulder [Colo.]: East European Quarterly, distributed by Columbia University Press, 1978. A study of the religious opposition in Lithuania.


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Click for sources of the victims of communism

Location:  Eastern Europe
Capital:  Vilnius
Communist Rule:  1940-1941 / 1944-1990
Status:  Independence restored - 11.03.90
Victims of Communism: