Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Antanas Sniečkus

First Secretary of the Lithuanian Communist Party, from 1940 until his death in 1974. Sniečkus(1903-1974) joined the party as a teenager and in the 1920s studied at the Plekhanov institute in Moscow.

After sitting in a Lithuanian prison, 1930-1933, he returned to Moscow as part of an exchange of political prisoners and worked for several years for the Comintern. Sent back to Lithuania in 1936, he served as First Secretary until his arrest in the fall of 1939. (He liked to say that the arrest saved him from a recall to Moscow where he would surely have fallen victim to the Stalin purges.)

In Moscow during the Second World War, he directed partisan warfare in Lithuania against the Germans and organized the reconstruction of the Communist Party apparatus.

After returning to Lithuania at the end of the war, he subsequently refused several opportunities for promotions to Moscow, apparently preferring to remain the communist ruler of Lithuania. (He reportedly liked the informal title of “šeimininkas,” the “boss.”) As such, he maneuvered to make himself the essential figure representing Moscow in Lithuania and Lithuania in Moscow.







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Location:  Eastern Europe
Capital:  Vilnius
Communist Rule:  1940-1941 / 1944-1990
Status:  Independence restored - 11.03.90
Victims of Communism: